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Citing Sources: Chicago Style (Notes-Bibliography)

A guide to citing sources in MLA, APA, and Chicago format.

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Using the Notes-Bibliography System

What is Chicago Notes-Bibliography Style?

Chicago is a documentation style that has been published by the Chicago University Press since 1906.The Notes-Bibliography style is preferred by many arts and humanities disciplines, especially history, as well as some political science publications. Citations are provided in footnotes or endnotes and are usually accompanied by a bibliography at the end of the paper. 

"Turabian" style, widely used for decades by students, is essentially a simplified version of the Chicago Style.

For information about the Chicago Author-Date style recommended for some physical, natural, and social sciences, please see to the Author-Date style page.

(Check with your instructor to verify which format you should use: Notes-Bibliography, or Author-Date.)

Chicago Style (17th ed.) In 3 Easy Steps

How to Cite in Chicago Notes - Bibliography Style