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Citing websites and online resources:
GENERAL FORMAT FOR WEBSITES
Author(s). (Year, Month Day). Title of web page. Retrieved from <insert web URL>
Author(s). (Year). Title of work (Report No. xxx). Retrieved from Agency name
Producer name. (Producer), & Director name (Director). (Year). Title of video [Video].
Retrieved from Website name: URL
ONLINE MESSAGE BOARDS, BLOG POSTS, AND TWEETS
Author name. (Date). Title of post [Format]. Retrieved from URL
Personal communication such as interviews and emails should be cited in-text only rather than in the References list. Use "personal communication" to identify the source rather than specifically using "interview or "email".
(Interviewee First Initial. Last Name, personal communication, Month day, year)
Items in green indicate variations in the citation based on the format.
Basic Web site
U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2009, June 18). Cell phones. Retrieved from
Web site with no author or date
International adoption: Getting started with international adoption. (n.d.) Retrieved from
PearsonFdtn (Producer). (2009, July 16). Teacher education and 21st century skills [Video].
Nielson, L. (2012, June 22). Bringing history to life by leaving classrooms & textbooks behind
[Web log post]. Retrieved from http://theinnovativeeducator.blogspot.com/
Hopeful activist [@hopefulactivist]. (2015, June 21). Protest has turned violent towards the police. [Tweet].
Retrieved from http://twitter.com/hopefulactivist/status/2651151366
Interviews and emails (these should be cited in-text only and identified as personal communication- it is not necessary to include in the References list)
(E. Royer, personal communication, January 4, 2019)