Adapted from https://www.americanpressinstitute.org/publications/six-critical-questions-can-use-evaluate-media-content/ (Tom Rosensteil)
1. TYPE: What is the type of content?
Is it a news story, editorial, opinion, ad, or reaction to someone's else's writing?
2. SOURCE: Who and what are the sources cited and why should I believe them?
"The key question is, how to they know? If it's not clear, you should be more skeptical."
3. EVIDENCE: What's the evidence and how was it vetted?
4. INTERPRETATION: Is the main point of the piece proven by evidence?
5. COMPLETENESS: What's missing?
6. KNOWLEDGE: Am I learning every day what I need?
What exactly is fake news? The Merriam-Webster article below ("The Real Story of 'Fake' News" ) may give you a more comprehensive view and give you an idea of how long this term has been around.
Image credit: KT Lowe, Indiana University East Library