Adapted from https://www.americanpressinstitute.org/publications/six-critical-questions-can-use-evaluate-media-content/ (Tom Rosensteil)
1. TYPE: What is the type of content?
Is it a news story, editorial, opinion, ad, or reaction to someone's else's writing?
2. SOURCE: Who and what are the sources cited and why should I believe them?
"The key question is, how to they know? If it's not clear, you should be more skeptical."
3. EVIDENCE: What's the evidence and how was it vetted?
4. INTERPRETATION: Is the main point of the piece proven by evidence?
5. COMPLETENESS: What's missing?
6. KNOWLEDGE: Am I learning every day what I need?
What exactly is fake news? The Merriam-Webster article below ("The Real Story of 'Fake' News" ) may give you a more comprehensive view and give you an idea of how long this term has been around.
Some news stories, articles and posts have some truth in them, some are mostly false and some are just meant for entertainment or satire. Here are some infographics that can aid you in figuring out how much truth there is in a story.