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Citing Sources: Citing motion pictures, tv shows, radio broadcasts and interviews

A guide to citing sources in MLA, APA, and Chicago format.

Citing Motion Pictures, TV Programs

Motion Pictures
In the Note
    1. The General, directed by Buster Keaton (1927; Allied Artists, 2005), DVD.


In the Bibliography

    Keaton, Buster, dir. The General. 1927; Allied Artists, 2005. DVD

Television Programs
In the Note
   4. The Big Bang Theory, season 1, episode 7, "The Dumpling Paradox," directed by Mark Cendrowski, aired November 5, 2007, on CBS, DVD (Warner Home Video, 2008), disc 1.
In the Bibliography
The Big Bang Theory. Season 1, episode 7, "The Dumpling Paradox."
Directed by Mark Cendrowski. Aired November 5, 2007,  on CBS. DVD. Warner Home Video, 2008, disc 1.


  • Instead of using a note for citing television and radio programs, you can integrate the in-text citation into a sentence:

Sheldon's insensitivity to the needs of others is highlighted in "The Dumpling Paradox" (CBS, November 5, 2007).


Citing Radio Broadcasts and Interviews

Broadcast Interviews
In the Note
    10. Jessye Norman, interview by Charlie Rose, Charlie Rose, June 15, 2014, 
In the Bibliography
Norman, Jessye. Interview by Charlie Rose. Charlie Rose. PBS, June
15, 2014.