Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Chicago Style, Notes-Bibliography System: Citing books and e-books

Citing Books and E-Books

General format for books

Author(s). Title of Book: Subtitle of Book. Place of
publication: Publisher, year of publication.



Items in green indicate variations in the citation based on the format.

Book with one author
Dixon, Wallace E. Twenty Studies that Revolutionized Child
Psychology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003.
Book with two or more authors
Mash, Eric J., and David A. Wolfe. Abnormal Child Psychology.
Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1999.
  • Although you may use the term "et. al" to replace multiple authors in a note, you should list all authors in the Bibliography.
Book without an author
The Good Housekeeping Illustrated Book of Childcare: From
Newborn to Preteen. New York: Hearst Books, 1995.
Electronic book (e-book) with URL
Hersen, Michel, and Robert T. Ammerman, eds. Advanced Abnormal
Child Psychology. 2nd ed. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 2000.  Accessed September 2, 2012.
Book published in 2nd or subsequent edition
Helfer, Ray E., Ruth S. Kempe, and Richard D. Krugman. The
Battered Child. 5th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.
Book with editors instead of authors
Torr, James D., ed. Crime and Criminals. San Diego: Greenhaven
Press, 2004.
  • An edited book is a collection of articles or chapters, often written by various authors. It has an editor instead of an author, indicated by the "ed." after the list of editors.
  • Use the example above if you are citing the book as a whole. To cite one of the articles in the book, see section on Articles or Chapters within a Book

Citing Anthologies or Chapters



Anthologies, reference books and edited collections often have chapters or entries, each written by different authors.  For this type of book, cite the author and the chapter before citing the book title and the editor of the book.
Work in an anthology or edited book
Brown, George. W. "Emotion and Clinical Depression: An
Environmental View." In Handbook of Emotions. 2nd. ed., Michael Lewis and Jeanette M. Haviland-Jones, 75-90. New York: Guilford Press, 2000.
Electronic article/chapter from an online reference book
Baran, Annette, and Betty Jean Lifton, B. "Adoption." In
Encyclopedia of Bioethics. 3rd. ed. Vol. 1, edited by S. G. Post, 68-74. New York: MacMillan Reference, 2004. Accessed May 10, 2013.