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PSY 218 - Health Psychology (Infanti): APA 7 Style

APA 7th edition Handbook

Citing OERs in APA

Open Educational Resources (OERs) are learning, teaching and research materials in any format and medium that reside in the public domain, or are under copyright but have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, re-use, re-purpose, adaptation and redistribution by others.

---definition provided by UNESCO

The official APA (American Psychological Association) Style Guide says:

  • Create a reference to an OER only when the materials are available for download directly (i.e., the materials are on the page and/or can be downloaded as PDFs or other files). If you are directed to another website, create a reference to the specific webpage on that website where the materials can be retrieved. Use this format for material in any OER repository, such as OER Commons, OASIS, or MERLOT.
  • Cite OERs with the same format as webpages, which are covered in Section 10.16 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition.


Fagan, J. (2019, March 25). Nursing clinical brain. OER Commons. Retrieved January 7, 2020,



  • Parenthetical citation: (Fagan, 2019)
  • Narrative citation: Fagan (2019)

For more information on citing OERs see

Note that there are no current APA instructions for citing Creative Commons (CC) licensed works. Cite them the same way you would cite any work. Please check with your instructor for guidance.

APA and ChatGPT

If your instructor allows you to use ChatGPT, they may want you to cite it.

You can find out how to cite ChatGPT in APA Style on the:

APA Website