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Evaluating What You Read: Rhetoric and Bias

The guide helps us reflect on how we see and interpret the information we use to justify our assumptions.

One cannot use what is written in a book to prove the truth of the book. One needs outside evidence. 

Crashcourse. (2016, April 4). Anselm & the argument for God: Crash course philosophy #9 [Video].

Before evaluating any resource one must first question their own intentions. 




We all have certain beliefs and are motivated to look for information that confirms those beliefs.


Drivers of false beliefs

Ecker, U.K.H., Lewandowsky, S., Cook, J. et al. The psychological drivers of misinformation belief and its resistance to correction. Nat Rev Psychol 1, 13–29 (2022).

Aristotle's Rhetorical CONCEPTS - Logos, Pathos, Ethos, Telos, and Kairos