Biographical: Examine and discuss the author’s life and its direct relationship to the text.
Historical: Find general information on pertinent events of the time period in which the text was written, along with specific events that may have directly affected the creation of the piece itself.
Political: Examine and discuss of political ideologies or movements relative to the text.
Cultural: Examine and discuss the author’s cultural background and/or the cultural backgrounds of speakers, narrators, characters, events, etc, within the text.
Psychological/Sociological: Examine the principles of psychology, psychoanalysis, and sociology as they directly relate to the text.