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Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
Call Number: BF76.7 .P83 2010
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Used with permission from the Paul Robeson Library, Reference Department, Rutgers University.
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No personal communication is included in your reference list; instead, parenthetically cite the communicator's name, the phrase "personal communication," and the date of the communication in your main text only.
Many of his students had difficulties with citing personal communications in APA style (C. Becker, personal communication, January 4, 2018).
A. P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, November 3, 2002).
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Consider the following five criteria:
1. Accuracy - Is the information correct?
2. Authority - What are the author's credentials?
3. Coverage - Is the content covered comprehensively?
4. Currency - Is the information current?
5. Purpose - Is the content biased?
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